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Best Management Practices  (a self-evaluation checklist of these BMPs is available upon request)


Veterinarian Care                                                                           

  • Vaccination of calves and pre-fresh animals

  • Passive immunity testing

  • Navels clean and dipped

  • Securing good passive immunity

  • Early diagnosis of scours and pneumonia

  • Use thermometer to identify sick calves

  • Early scours detection and intervention

  • Early pneumonia detection and intervention

  • Early (low stress) dehorning

  • Use of laboratory for pathogen diagnosis



  • Good colostrum collection and storage

  • Colostrum free of blood, debris & mastitis

  • 10% of Body Weight of colostrum with 2 hours

  • Clean water and starter buckets by 3 days

  • Clean milk feeding bottles, buckets and other equipment

  • Consistent water temp and milk mix

  • Regular and effective use of a colostrometer

  • Colostrum thawing and preparation for feeding

  • Weather adjusted feeding rates

  • Pasteurization of milk

  • Consistent feeding intervals

Physical Environment

  • Give stalls/huts a rest period after cleaning

  • 34 sq. ft. of resting area (40 in group)

  • Cleaning of stalls after weaning

  • Cold weather jackets

  • Newborn calves placed

  • Biosecurity of the calf facilities

  • Calving area sanitation

  • Away from disease risk

  • Clean and dry bedding all the time

  • High quality air quality and draft prevention

Management, Reporting & Staffing

  • Birth weight of calves

  • Use of current team – advisors, vet(s), nutritionist, etc.

  • Conscientious caretakers

  • Health record keeping

  • Internal and external benchmarking

  • Culling of calves

  • Adequacy and skill level of people assisting with calving

  • Adequacy of veterinarian involvement

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